Ok, so what should we look on in July except planets and stars? Let’s take a short guide on what was created by human hands — Space Mission Launch Schedule for July 2020
- Mars 2020 Rover (NASA)
Launch dates: 17 July-5 August 2020
- Hope Mars Mission (United Arab Emirates)
Launch dates: 15 July 2020
- Mars Global Remote Sensing Orbiter and Small Rover (China National Space Administration)
Launch date: 20 to 25 July 2020
Mars 2020 Rover (NASA)
Mars mission aims to send an advanced robotic rover called Perseverance to explore the Martian surface. The rover will perform numerous scientific missions during its two-year mission, including searching for signs of life on Mars.
Although the Mars Curiosity Rover (NASA’s previous mission to the Red Planet) continues to operate and send back vital scientific data, the Perseverance rover will allow NASA to explore new areas of the planet Mars, and begin to test technology that could help people to travel to Mars in the future.
Hope Mars Mission (United Arab Emirates)
Built by the United Arab Emirates, the mission will orbit Mars and study the dynamics of the martian atmosphere and its interaction with outer space and the solar wind. The primary scientific objectives are to search for the connection between current martian weather and the ancient climate of Mars, study the loss mechanisms of Mars’ atmosphere to space by tracking the behavior and escape of hydrogen and oxygen.
The Hope Mars mission meanwhile is an orbiter project run by the United Arab Emirates, and is set to be the nation’s first mission beyond Earth’s orbit.
Mars Global Remote Sensing Orbiter and Small Rover (China National Space Administration)
China also aims to hit the mid-2020 launch window with its Mars Global Remote Sensing Orbiter and Small Rover mission, also known as HX-1. As the name suggests, this effort will include both an orbiter and a rover, which between them will carry 13 science instruments.
The solar-powered rover will weigh 530 lbs. (240 kilograms), according to SpaceNews. That’s about twice as much as China’s Yutu moon rovers, two of which have landed on the moon — in December 2013 and January 2019.
HX-1 will be China’s second attempt at a Mars mission. The nation’s Yinghuo-1 orbiter rode piggyback with Russia’s Phobos-Grunt sample-return mission, which launched in November 2011. But Phobos-Grunt never made it out of Earth orbit, and Yinghuo-1 died fiery deaths in our planet’s atmosphere in January 2012.